31 January 2009

India to sign IAEA safeguards agreement

India must next ratify the agreement and then file a separate Declaration and Notification before any additional Indian reactor goes under safeguards...

31 January 2009
The Hindu

India to sign IAEA safeguards agreement

Siddharth Varadarajan

New Delhi: India will sign its safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna on Monday but several months are likely to elapse before any additional Indian reactor goes under international safeguards, officials told The Hindu.

The India-specific safeguards agreement was unanimously approved by the IAEA’s Board of Governors on August 1 and will enter into force only after it has been signed and the appropriate letters of ratification exchanged. India’s Ambassador to the Agency, Saurabh Kumar, will formally sign the agreement on February 2. The ratification process will take longer.

Even after entering into force, however, Indian facilities will go under safeguards in a phased manner linked to New Delhi’s determination that “all conditions conducive to the accomplishment of the objective of this Agreement are in place.” Only following this ‘declaration’ and subsequent ’notification,’ will the civilian nuclear facilities India intends to safeguard be listed in an annex to the agreement and then be subject to inspection by the IAEA.

Indian officials say this process will be calibrated to the signing of lifetime fuel supply arrangements for each of the reactors to be safeguarded.

To date, India has only signed an agreement with the French firm Areva for the supply of 300 tonnes of natural uranium. This fuel has been earmarked for the RAPS-2 pressurised heavy water reactor at Rawatbhata, which is already under a long-standing safeguards agreement with the IAEA.

Other supply agreements for larger quantities of uranium are in the pipeline with Kazakhstan and Russia.

3 comments:

Anonymous said...

Finally a culmination of US policy of using nuclear technology as buying friends during cold-war and hedging against China & broad military,industrial,strategic co-operation post-cold war with India -this comment is colored by a very nice talk (slightly outdated) given by Zia Mian from Princeton's Program on Global Security

Mayurdas Bholanath said...

Would be nice if you could please post the text of the Agreement signed now between India and IAEA. (Alternatively, you could provide a link to the same, in case it is the same as any of the already existing standard IAEA INFCIRCs.)

kuldeep singh chauhan said...

yes finally india has done it now we should concentrate on cementing our position as global power..... being a major power is not enough in a multipolar world we should get a permanent seat in UN security council ASAP