07 July 2008

Nuclear deal: Update 1

Now that the Congress has reached an understanding with the Samajwadi Party, the nuclear deal is back on the Manmohan Singh government's active agenda.

Last week, the Prime Minister's Office issued a note which sought to answer some "queries" raised by the SP about the deal and its implications. The note also provided the first official glimpse into the content of the safeguards agreement India has negotiated with the International Atomic Energy Agency secretariat. It is hard to take a definitive view on the text until it is made public. The Government, however, says it will not file a declaration and allow any facility to be safeguarded until it is satisfied the Indo-US nuclear agreement "and concomitant arrangements have been fulfilled". I wonder if this a reference to the yet-to-be-negotiated reprocessing protocol with the United States...

3 July 2008
The Hindu

PMO offers glimpse of draft IAEA safeguards accord

Siddharth Varadarajan

New Delhi: India will not place any reactor under international safeguards pursuant to its nuclear deal with the United States until it has determined “that all conditions conducive to the objectives of the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement and concomitant arrangements have been fulfilled,” the government said on Wednesday.

This important assurance forms part of an official note issued by the Prime Minister’s Office following a meeting between National Security Adviser M.K. Narayanan and leaders of the Samajwadi Party on the India-U.S. nuclear deal.
“Key understandings”

Though no specific details were provided of the draft safeguards agreement between India and the International Atomic Energy Agency, the PMO’s note said the salient features of the draft “reflect the key understandings [between India and the United States] relating to fuel supply assurances, strategic fuel reserves and corrective measures.”

The note stresses that “provisions have been included that make it clear that India is offering its civilian nuclear facilities voluntarily for safeguards and keeping in view these assurances.”

Depending on the specific language used to tie down these provisions, the draft agreement appears to link the continuity of safeguards to the continuity of these assurances, in much the same way as the March 2006 separation plan linked the perpetuity of safeguards on civilian reactors to the perpetuity of fuel supplies for them.

The PMO statement added, “Most importantly, the Agreement provides for the filing of a declaration [regarding India’s civilian facilities with the IAEA] based on its sovereign decision, and only when India determines that all conditions conducive to the objectives of the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement and concomitant arrangements have been fulfilled.” This provision, the PMO says, “ensures that India would retain the right till the very end before putting any of its reactors under safeguards.” Though the statement does not clarify this, “concomitant arrangements” is a reference to fuel supply arrangements as well as, perhaps, the yet-to-be-negotiated agreement with the U.S. on the specifics of reprocessing.
“Major principle”

Another “major principle” of the Safeguards Agreement highlighted by the PMO is that “the IAEA shall implement safeguards in a manner that do not hinder or otherwise interfere with any activity involving the use by India of nuclear material or technology developed by India independent of this Agreement for its own purposes.”

This principle essentially reiterates the fact that the IAEA would have no locus standi in regard to unsafeguarded nuclear material and facilities in India and amounts to acknowledging, in an IAEA document, the reality of India’s strategic nuclear programme.

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